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The Brazilian critic and curator André Leal addresses in his article ¿Qué es el desierto? – Dos catástrofes y un Refugio (y una refutación) the artistic process of the Argentinian artists Mauro Rosas and Fabián Urban in a determined area of the Patagonian Desert. By conducting a series of ‘scientific investigations’ in a determined area, the artists sought to undermine the idea of the desert as an empty region as it is usually characterized. Thus, the artistic result of the process addresses several political and culturally sensible themes that often disregard the desert populations in general, ‘decolonizing’ sciences and cultural constructions regarded to deserts in general.
André Leal is graduated in Architecture and Urbanism by the University of São Paulo and has a Master degree in Visual Arts by the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro with the research ‘Space-body, environment-experience: Hélio Oiticica and Gordon Matta-Clark – genealogies of the ‘contemporary’’. He is professor of Visual Arts at Candido Mendes University and independent critic and curator, having published texts in several academic and independent magazines. His doctoral investigation will address the relations between art and urban landscape through the production of several Brazilian and international artists.